Monday, December 28, 2009

To whom you'll call ' Bad '....

What does the word 'Bad' puts first impression on you? Does it simply means avoiding good thing or something more worst than this? Many a time you might have seen or even felt that if anyone doesn't performs what we want from him he becomes bad for us. But is it the right attitude? If not than what's the right attitude? Any guesses.......

I have one which I want to share with you. In my opinion in this world nothing is good or bad, only the way of our thinking makes it so. Let's take an example of a boy who is so apprehensive and quite shy of doing things in front of others. When he was asked for attempting a question in front of whole class, he couldn't do so........... not even was able to write...... So, what do you think is he bad? But I don't think so.... If he is not knowing the answer then is he bad?... Is his future dull?... Is he going to spoil the future?... Absolutely no.... A single academic question cannot decide our future... If he is not knowing then it's not a big task.. Do you can do what he can do perfectly? Obviously no...

So, in nutshell I mean to say that everyone has his own destiny.. Everyone has his own future... Everyone has his own way of taking life... Everyone has his own way of learning... Everyone has his own dreams... Everyone has his own way to be different... We can't do anything except motivating... So, finally what do you say... " Is anyone bad or our thoughts make them so...? ". I don't know whether my thoughts have influenced you or not.. But I still say no one is bad or good...

Please give your precious 5 minutes on this... May it can change you....

Thursday, November 19, 2009

Can we live alone !!!

We came is this world alone.... and one day we will go alone... but does it proves that we should live alone too.. Well this question suddenly crashed in my mind last night.
" Relations are the one that once formed cannot be washed out again. This you might have experienced many time ". So, don't you feel now that this is the key to the above question. I do feel.....
We the human creature cannot live independently, we depend on someone for something. Being social we like others company whether we know him or her or not. We then have a feeling of satisfaction that there is someone with us; we are not alone. But what would you say if anyone leaves you alone............ spell bounded !!!! hmm....

The main idea I want to share is don't forget any relation easily because then you'll wont be able to tolerate yourself. And it's a big deal.

Monday, November 16, 2009

Meteor shower

Well-placed skywatchers could see hundreds of meteors an hour on Tuesday, at the peak of the annual Leonid meteor shower.

Meteors are bits of dust or rock that collide with Earth's atmosphere. The friction heats up gas particles that produce a glowing trail. A handful of meteors can be seen each hour on any clear night, but this number can spike significantly during a meteor shower.

The Leonid shower occurs each year when the Earth passes through streams of debris ejected by the comet 55P/Tempel-Tuttle, which often leaves behind dusty trails as it passes through the inner solar system every 33 years.

Earth will cut across the first such stream around 0900 GMT on 17 November, an event that is expected to produce dozens of meteors an hour. But the spectacle will reach its peak between 2100 and 2200 GMT, as Earth passes through two debris trails left by Tempel-Tuttle in 1466 and 1533.

Saturday, October 31, 2009

White Coal - A good idea !!!

Guys ! if we talk about conserving our nature, we would surely think of pollution. And if talk about pollution a word comes in our mind 'smoke'. Have you ever thought how to reduce the smoke emission from burning of fuels.....

No, but I have.. You might have been heard of 'white coal' . It's a form of fuel produced by drying chopped wood over a fire. It was used in England something about seventeenth century. It produces more heat than green wood and less than charcoal and thus prevent lead emission. White coal can also be made from Ground nut husk.

Benefits of White Coal over Non Cooking coal: - -

* White coal is cheaper than heavy furnace oil ,coal & fire wood etc
* High sulphur content of oil and coal, when burnt pollutes the environment.
* There is no sulphur in the white coal, therefore no toxic gases
* Moisture contents nil because white coal is totally dry.
* Have high burning efficiency.
* Combustion is more uniform compared to coal.
* There is no fly ash when burning briquettes.
* The Calorific Value of the Finished Briquettes is Approx 3800 to 4400
* We are using Ground Nut Shell as raw material for the production of white coal
which gives highest i.e. 4000 to 4200 calorific value in comparison.

So, now what you think... which is best !!!

Friday, October 30, 2009

Charge Coupled Device (CCD)

This year's Nobel prize for physics was partly awarded to Willard Boyle and George Smith for inventing the charge-coupled device (CCD), the sensor that acts as the retina of digital cameras. But long before it reached consumers, the technology was used in astronomy.

Thursday, October 29, 2009

Asteroid blast reveals holes in Earth's defences

As the US government ponders a strategy to deal with threatening asteroids, a dramatic explosion over Indonesia has underscored how blind we still are to hurtling space rocks.

On 8 October an asteroid detonated high in the atmosphere above South Sulawesi, Indonesia, releasing about as much energy as 50,000 tons of TNT, according to a NASA estimate released on Friday. That's about three times more powerful than the atomic bomb that levelled Hiroshima, making it one of the largest asteroid explosions ever observed.

However, the blast caused no damage on the ground because of the high altitude, 15 to 20 kilometres above Earth's surface, says astronomer Peter Brown of the University of Western Ontario (UWO), Canada.

Brown and Elizabeth Silber, also of UWO, estimated the explosion energy from infrasound waves that rippled halfway around the world and were recorded by an international network of instruments that listens for nuclear explosions.

The explosion was heard by witnesses in Indonesia. Video images of the sky following the event show a dust trail characteristic of an exploding asteroid.

Multiplying universes: How many is the multiverse?

HOW many universes are there? Cosmologists Andrei Linde and Vitaly Vanchurin at Stanford University in California calculate that the number dwarfs the 10500 universes postulated in string theory, and raise the provocative notion that the answer may depend on the human brain.

The idea that there is more than one universe, each with its own laws of physics, arises out of several different theories, including string theory and cosmic inflation. This concept of a "multiverse" could explain a puzzling mystery - why dark energy, the furtive force that is accelerating the expansion of space, appears improbably fine-tuned for life. With a large number of universes, there is bound to be one that has a dark energy value like ours.

Calculating the probability of observing this value - and other features of the cosmos - depends on how many universes of various kinds populate the multiverse. String theory describes 10500 universes, but that just counts different vacuum states, which are like the blank canvases upon which universes are painted. The features of each canvas determine what the overall painting will look like - such as the laws of physics in that universe - but not the details.

Thanks to the randomness of quantum mechanics, two identical vacuum states can end up as very different universes. Small quantum fluctuations in the very early universe are stretched to astronomical scales by inflation, the period of faster-than-light expansion just after the big bang. These fluctuations lay down a gravitational blueprint that eventually determines the placement of stars and galaxies across the sky. Small differences in the form of these fluctuations can produce a universe in which the Milky Way is slightly bigger, or closer to its neighbours.

So just how many of these different universes can inflation's quantum fluctuations produce? According to Linde and Vanchurin, the total is about 101010,000,000 - that's a 10 raised to a number ending with 10 million zeros . Suddenly string theory's multiverse of 10500 universes is looking rather claustrophobic.

It might be, however, that this number is irrelevant, and that in a world ruled by quantum physics what matters is how many universes a single observer can distinguish. "Before quantum mechanics," says Linde, "we thought that 'reality' was a well-defined word." In classical physics, observers are irrelevant - we simply want to know how many universes exist.

Wednesday, October 28, 2009

My Quotes......

What you are having is not what you achieved, what you don't have is what to achieve...


See in the mirror, you'll find something...

Sunday, October 18, 2009

New camera promises to capture your whole life

A camera you can wear as a pendant to record every moment of your life will soon be launched by a UK-based firm.

Originally invented to help jog the memories of people with Alzheimer's disease, it might one day be used by consumers to create "lifelogs" that archive their entire lives.

Worn on a cord around the neck, the camera takes pictures automatically as often as once every 30 seconds. It also uses an accelerometer and light sensors to snap an image when a person enters a new environment, and an infrared sensor to take one when it detects the body heat of a person in front of the wearer. It can fit 30,000 images onto its 1 gb memory.

Thursday, October 15, 2009

First black hole for light created on Earth

An electromagnetic "black hole" that sucks in surrounding light has been built for the first time.

The device, which works at microwave frequencies, may soon be extended to trap visible light, leading to an entirely new way of harvesting solar energy to generate electricity.

A theoretical design for a table-top black hole to trap light was proposed in a paper published earlier this year by Evgenii Narimanov and Alexander Kildishev of Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana. Their idea was to mimic the properties of a cosmological black hole, whose intense gravity bends the surrounding space-time, causing any nearby matter or radiation to follow the warped space-time and spiral inwards.

Narimanov and Kildishev reasoned that it should be possible to build a device that makes light curve inwards towards its centre in a similar way. They calculated that this could be done by a cylindrical structure consisting of a central core surrounded by a shell of concentric rings.

Monday, October 12, 2009

Why the Almighty doesn't produced us all ?

Last night a question crashed in my mind. I want to share it with you.. "Why the Almighty God doesn't produced us all, why he produced only two living creatures and through these living creatures we all are produced? " Have you any answer? No, but I have...

Firstly, I want to ask you that if we were not produced by living beings, would there be any relationship among us as now.. The answer is no. Basically, whatever the God has done to us is very thoughtful. If we were produced by God, then to whom we will call mom and dad, to whom we will call grandpa and grandma... (Think...)

The God has given us the power of reproduction only because to generate unity, society and of course family among us all. He has given the power to make the world one where relationships exists. I am finding it is so much thoughtful...

Saturday, October 10, 2009

NASA puzzles over 'invisible' moon impact

In the final minutes of its plunge toward the moon, NASA's LCROSS spacecraft spotted the brief infrared flash of a rocket booster hitting the lunar surface just ahead of it – and it even saw heat from the crater formed by the impact. But scientists remain puzzled about why the event did not seem to generate a visible plume of debris as expected.

As hundreds of telescopes and observers watched, the highly publicised NASA mission to search for water on the moon reached its grand finale at 0431 PDT (1131 GMT) with a pair of high-speed crashes into a lunar crater named Cabeus.

During the crucial moments at NASA's Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, California, scientists and engineers with LCROSS (Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite) peered in silent concentration as successive images of the crater grew larger on their screens.

Source : NewScientist

Friday, October 9, 2009

Spacecraft kamikaze smashes into moon

As hundreds of telescopes and observers watched, a NASA mission to search for water on the moon has achieved its grand finale with a pair of high-speed crashes into the lunar surface – but there was curiously little to see.

At the Ames Research Center near Palo Alto, California, scientists and engineers with the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) peered in silent concentration as successive images of the crater Cabeus grew larger on their screens. Shortly after 4:31 am Pacific time (12:31 BST) there was no telltale flash to be seen from the expected collision of a 2366-kilogram booster rocket into the permanently shadowed crater, located near the moon's south pole.

LCROSS, which was following the booster and guiding it, trained visual and infrared cameras on the impact site for 4 minutes before it too plunged into the crater. In the final seconds before signals from LCROSS were lost, mission controllers announced detection of a heat signature from the rocket impact.

According to Michael Bicay, director of science at Ames, there are at least two possible scenarios that could explain what happened. The first is that the "gain" on the cameras was not set correctly to portray the debris plume. It could be revealed later if the data were displayed differently.

Thursday, October 8, 2009

Nobel Prize 2009

Physics -

The 2009 Nobel prize in physics has been awarded to some of those whose work with light laid the foundations of the modern digital age.

The first half of the prize went to Charles Kao, formerly vice-chancellor of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, who in the 1960s made it possible for the world to talk via the light inside optical fibres.

The second half was awarded to Willard Boyle and George Smith at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, New Jersey, for the invention of the charge-coupled device (CCD) image sensor chip – a crucial component in today's digital cameras.

Chemistry -

The 2009 Nobel prize in Chemistry has been awarded to some of those whose work with ribosomes laid the foundations to scientific understanding of life and has helped researchers develop antibiotics.

Ramakrishnan, Thomas Steitz and Israeli Ada Yonath were working on ribosomes.They used a method called X-ray crystallography to pinpoint the positions of the hundreds of thousands of atoms that make up the ribosomes.

Indian-born Ramakrishnan, 57, is the senior scientist and group leader at the Structural Studies Division of the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, England. Steitz, a 69-year-old born in Milwaukee, is a professor of molecular biophysics and biochemistry at Yale University and attached to the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, both in New Haven, Connecticut. Yonath is a professor of structural biology at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel, and the ninth Israeli to win a Nobel prize.

Wednesday, October 7, 2009

Largest ring in solar system found around Saturn

A colossal ring of debris found around Saturn is the largest in the solar system. The new ring could be the 'smoking gun' that explains the curious two-faced appearance of Saturn's moon Iapetus, whose leading hemisphere is much darker than its trailing side.

Until now, the biggest known rings in the solar system were Saturn's E ring and faint, gossamer sheets of dust orbiting Jupiter. Saturn's E ring, a diffuse disc of icy material fed by the moon Enceladus, extends from 3 to perhaps 20 times the radius of Saturn.

The newly discovered ring spans from 128 to 207 times the radius of Saturn – or farther – and is 2.4 million kilometres thick. It was found using NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope, which revealed an infrared glow thought to come from sun-warmed dust in a tenuous ring.

The discovery was announced on Tuesday at a meeting of the American Astronomical Society's Division of Planetary Sciences in Fajardo, Puerto Rico. "This is a unique planetary ring system, because it's the largest planetary ring in the solar system," team leader Anne Verbiscer of the University of Virginia in Charlottesville told the meeting.

The source of the ring's material seems to be Saturn's far-flung moon Phoebe, which orbits the planet at an average distance of 215 times the radius of Saturn. When Phoebe is hit by wayward space rocks, the impacts could generate debris that fills the rings.

source : NewScientist

Sunday, September 20, 2009

What type of your happiness adds to your life ?? - Bigger or smaller ones

Oh !I got a nice pencil. Ye ! I got a promotion. Yuppy ! I got a new car. Yes ! I got whatever I want. What all these reminds you about? I guess happiness, joy and of-course satisfaction.

But really what adds your health.. As we all know that all of us are different from others in ideas and actions. So, the type of happiness has to be different to different people. For a kid beautiful colourful pencils are a dream come true. For a workers his promotion rules. And for commoners new technology is big craze. The only think that counts is the part of our life that we enjoyed the most. It can be the time of our childhood, teen and adult. The part that we enjoyed with full involvement is the one that adds up to our life.

Life goes on.......... heard. But can we ever imagine a life without happiness. I guess 'no'. 'No' means there are such events in our lives that we remember till our old age. If we are well involved in the happy event we doesn't think of the size big or small. We only take full advantages.

So, It can be concluded that the size of happiness doesn't matters the most. The think that matters is how important the thing is to us; how it can bring glory to us ; how it can change our life ; how it can transform us totally. For an example : A child who has never thought beyond pencils, pens will be a great thing of discussion for him. He will live that part of life when he got a pen. We may laugh on it. But, its true. (Think.....)

"Life full of joy and has great joy
only matters what is
how you respond."
Happiness can't be measured !!

- Phagun Baya

Friday, September 18, 2009

Why we afraid to do new task ?

Any logic for this ! Any reply ! No, I'll tell you. Basically, what makes you stop is your inner mind. The busy mind which is pre-defined set to the routine work is behind your news. And you only stop the changes.

Amazed !! but it's true. Through a research it is proved that every man wants a stable life without changes, he doesn't want to change it at any cost. This what makes you stop. The busy mind always thinks things which are already feed up in mind. And when you try to feed new things the scanner filters the idea into merits and de-merits.

Have you ever felt that something is forcing you for doing a job that you had decided? The only thing that is with you is your pure heart. It only thinks of merits and encourages you for good something else then routine. Mainly your heart is the central seat for our Almighty God. So, how can it be wrong? Think.........

Pressurize your mind, you'll surely get something.............

Tuesday, September 15, 2009

What we give to rain....

Rain Rain Rain!! Lots of water, fun and games: Wow amazing. That's it. No. There's something more than what we feel and think.Don't you think so? But I don't. Last night our dear rain came and wispered into my ears to write something about her.

Everyone knows that rain brings water. But what it really does is makes the environment cool and full of happiness n joy. It obeys the law of give and take by taking water in form of vapours and gives back that water in form of rain. It gives water for flora, fauna and humans too. It maintains water balance on the earth. It monitors temperature rise. It maintains gound water level. And finally dips you in a cup of happiness.

But for the last few years the scenerio has changed up totally. Due lots of pollutions and the Great Global Warming the water balance has changed rapidly at few spots on this almighty world.

"Can you ever imagine a world without rain ?" It is not possible as we cannot live without water. Water is our first need. Water is a life giving drink provided by Almighty God to all of us. So, let us pledge to conserve rain and feel proud by conserving it.

Saturday, September 12, 2009

We in 2020 !

Amazed! by what I am talking about "We in 2020".If not then be amazed.Have you ever thought of we in 2020. No, but I did. Here are what I thought.

The World in 2020 will be more glamrous and colourful then ever.Isn't it will. It will be full of fun, smiles, money, technology and many more for which we ever never heard. Out of all the main think I want to discuss is about the technology, the what I'll call is the advanced in thinking. Don't you think so.

Ofcourse it will be the advancement in thinking. The new scientists, engineers and researchers etcetra among us and their new thoughts will surely take the world to it's highest zenith. There are many plans for 2020. But do we have any plan to change ourselfs. Do we know the right path? Do we know everthing? Do we will change the world into secure and safe world? Do we have any solution for our current problems?

Yes, this all is true. The only thing is to do is to change ourself the rest will change itself.

Friday, September 11, 2009

Is this the world to live !!

" Is this the world to live ", suddenly this thought comes to every thinking mind knowingly or unknowingly. But a few gives a minute to it for conversing with within. Do you get time ??? (A big question is front of we all !).

Today, in this world of uncertainty, insecurity and fearness is there any very close to you. No !! But I say yes it is there. 'Your heart within'. Isn't it so much thoughtful....... and even more...........
yes, its true. There are many thing within which you and your within wants to share with each other. Just see inside its pure and truly friendly.

Everyone of you stands in front of mirror to see yourself.Oh, How beautiful I am !!, pretty cool. But can you see within what's there by use of a facky mirror, no. Therefore, there is the only way to see inside is to sit peacefully 'in alone with alone'. There are many such things that are hidden within you and a strong mist of thoughtlessness has engulfed it so much that it cannot come out just by a call.For that you need to sit alone with hundred percent involvement and ask within- 'What's inside me ?? Is there anything inside me?? Will my present jobs succeed me in near future??'. If you get answers then believe me that you are most powerful creature on this beautiful almighty world. And you will surely get the answers there's no question of blankness.

So, believe that you are best and try to perceive yourself for a good cause. And after all everyone of this floor has come to do something.

Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Rain of meteorites makes the moon hum

THE man in the moon is humming a tune, but thankfully the noise won't drown out sensors on future missions peeking at the lunar interior.

A steady barrage of small meteorite impacts should cause the moon to "ring", but no seismometers sent to the moon to date have been sensitive enough to hear it. So Philippe Lognonné at the Institute of Earth Physics of Paris and colleagues decided to work out how loud the ring is.

The team estimated the meteorite population in the solar neighbourhood, and calculated the likely seismic signals that would be created by a range of meteorite sizes and velocities as they strike the moon.

Source : New Scientist

Saturday, September 5, 2009

World's climate could cool first, warm later

Forecasts of climate change are about to go seriously out of kilter. One of the world's top climate modellers said Thursday we could be about to enter "one or even two decades during which temperatures cool.

"People will say this is global warming disappearing," he told more than 1500 of the world's top climate scientists gathering in Geneva at the UN's World Climate Conference.

"I am not one of the sceptics," insisted Mojib Latif of the Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences at Kiel University, Germany. "However, we have to ask the nasty questions ourselves or other people will do it."

Few climate scientists go as far as Latif, an author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. But more and more agree that the short-term prognosis for climate change is much less certain than once thought.

Latif predicted that in the next few years a natural cooling trend would dominate over warming caused by humans. The cooling would be down to cyclical changes to ocean currents and temperatures in the North Atlantic, a feature known as the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO).

Breaking with climate-change orthodoxy, he said NAO cycles were probably responsible for some of the strong global warming seen in the past three decades. "But how much? The jury is still out," he told the conference. The NAO is now moving into a colder phase.

Latif said NAO cycles also explained the recent recovery of the Sahel region of Africa from the droughts of the 1970s and 1980s. James Murphy, head of climate prediction at the Met Office, agreed and linked the NAO to Indian monsoons, Atlantic hurricanes and sea ice in the Arctic. "The oceans are key to decadal natural variability," he said.

Another favourite climate nostrum was upturned when Pope warned that the dramatic Arctic ice loss in recent summers was partly a product of natural cycles rather than global warming. Preliminary reports suggest there has been much less melting this year than in 2007 or 2008.

In candid mood, climate scientists avoided blaming nature for their faltering predictions, however. "Model biases are also still a serious problem. We have a long way to go to get them right. They are hurting our forecasts," said Tim Stockdale of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts in Reading, UK.

The world may badly want reliable forecasts of future climate. But such predictions are proving as elusive as the perfect weather forecast.

Source : NewScientist

Thursday, September 3, 2009

Mysterious space

Monday, August 31, 2009

Photosynthetic viruses keep world's oxygen levels up

NEXT time you take in a lungful of oxygen, consider this: it was made possible in part by ocean viruses.

The viruses, which infect single-celled algae called cyanobacteria, are hyperefficient photosynthesisers thanks to a unique set of genes.

Previous work had shown that cyanophage viruses have some photosynthesis genes, apparently used to keep the host cyanobacteria on life support during the infection, which otherwise knocks out the cells' basic functions.

Now Oded Béjà from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa says that the cyanophages' photosynthetic proficiency doesn't stop there. While screening DNA sequences in water samples collected during Craig Venter's Global Ocean Sampling Expedition, his team discovered seven more photosynthesis genes coding for a complex of proteins collectively named photosystem I. They believe the viral complex has a unique shape that makes cyanophage photosynthesis hyperefficient.
The viral complex has a unique shape that makes photosynthesis hyperefficient

In normal photosynthesis, photosystem I grabs electrons from proteins higher up in the photosynthesis chain reaction. The team believe the viral photosystem I genes allow the cyanophages to not only take electrons from the proteins involved in photosythesis but also from other algal proteins.

"We suspect that when these phages enter the cell, they start to replace [the cell's] photosystem," says Béjà. "By grabbing electrons from all sources available at the time, they get more energy out of photosynthesis."

Eric Wommack of the University of Delaware in Newark says the discovery suggests these viruses may play a role in global oxygen production. "Their hosts produce half the world's oxygen and roughly 10 per cent of these cells are infected by cyanophages," he says. "So it is possible that as much as 5 per cent of the world's oxygen production results from cyanophage infected cells."

Source : New Scientist

Friday, August 28, 2009

Zoom in on molecules at last

Thanks to specialised microscopes, we have long been able to see the beauty of single atoms. But strange though it might seem, imaging larger molecules at the same level of detail has not been possible – atoms are robust enough to withstand existing tools, but the structures of molecules are not. Now researchers at IBM have come up with a way to do it.

The earliest pictures of individual atoms were captured in the 1970s by blasting a target – typically a chunk of metal – with a beam of electrons, a technique known as transmission electron microscopy (TEM).

Later refinements of this technique, such as the TEAM project at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California achieved resolutions of less than the radius of a single hydrogen atom. But while this method works for atoms in a lattice or thin layer, the electron bombardment destroys the arrangement of atoms in molecules.

Other techniques use a tiny stylus-like scanning probe to explore the atom-scale world. One method uses such a probe to measure the charge density associated with individual atoms – a technique called scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM).

Another, called atomic force microscopy (AFM), measures the attractive force between atoms in the probe and the target. The image is created by bumping the probe over the atoms of the molecule – much in the way we might feel our way around in a dark bedroom.

Source: New Scientist

Wednesday, August 26, 2009

Steam-powered car breaks century-old speed record

The land speed record for steam-powered cars has been broken for the first time in more than 100 years, after a British-built car achieved an average speed of 225 kilometres per hour (140 miles per hour) on Tuesday.

Many of the earliest road vehicles were powered by steam, which were easier and safer to start than early gas-powered cars, which had to be cranked by hand. But by the 1920s, the convenience of the internal combustion engine had essentially made steam cars obsolete.

Now, Charles Burnett III has driven them back into the spotlight. He reached speeds of 219 km/hr (136 mph) and 243 km/hr (151 mph) during two drives at California's Edwards Air Force Base on Tuesday.

That smashes the previous official record of 204 km/hr (127 mph) set in 1906 by Fred Marriott of the US in a modified version of the then-popular steam car known as the Stanley Steamer. Officials from motor sport's governing body, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), are expected to ratify the new record shortly.

Source: NewScientist

Tuesday, August 25, 2009

Warmer seas mean more food for fish

The sheer diversity of ocean food webs has made experts fear it would be impossible to predict how climate change will affect marine ecology. But Mary O'Connor and colleagues at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, may have solved the problem. They have found that plankton, the basis of marine food webs, might react predictably to ocean warming.

The team warmed 4-litre "microcosms" of seawater. They found that phytoplankton grew slightly faster with every degree of temperature rise. But zooplankton grew – and ate the phytoplankton – faster still. Zooplankton only retain about 10 per cent of the biomass of phytoplankton they eat, so there was a fall in biomass overall.

This might not be entirely bad news for people, says O'Connor. More zooplankton means more food for fish, though such top-heavy food webs could crash, she warns. "The effect could be translated up the food chain," she says. But if nutrients in the water are limited, "that top-heavy food web structure could be less stable, and crash all together."

Journal reference: PLoS Biology, vol 7 p e1000178
Courtesy: Newscientist

Friday, August 21, 2009

Global warming could change Earth's tilt

Warming oceans could cause Earth's axis to tilt in the coming century, a new study suggests. The effect was previously thought to be negligible, but researchers now say the shift will be large enough that it should be taken into account when interpreting how the Earth wobbles.

The Earth spins on an axis that is tilted some 23.5° from the vertical. But this position is far from constant – the planet's axis is constantly shifting in response to changes in the distribution of mass around the Earth. "The Earth is like a spinning top, and if you put more mass on one side or other, the axis of rotation is going to shift slightly," says Felix Landerer of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

The changing climate has long been known to move Earth's axis. The planet's north pole, for example, is migrating towards 79 °W – a line of longitude that runs through Toronto and Panama City – at a rate of about 10 centimetres each year as the Earth rebounds from ice sheets that once weighed down large swaths of North America, Europe, and Asia.

The influx of fresh water from shrinking ice sheets also causes the planet to pitch over. Landerer and colleagues estimate that the melting of Greenland's ice is already causing Earth's axis to tilt at an annual rate of about 2.6 centimetres – and that rate may increase significantly in the coming years.

Now, they calculate that oceans warmed by the rise in greenhouse gases can also cause the Earth to tilt – a conclusion that runs counter to older models, which suggested that ocean expansion would not create a large shift in the distribution of the Earth's mass.

Source - NewScientist

Thursday, August 20, 2009

Great threat to LIONs in Kenya

It has been found that Kenya is loosing 100 lions a year. According to the calculations it is estimated that Kenya would be devoid of all wildlife if such a terrible rate prevails.

These all circumstances are because of big bomb i.e. population explosion. The herbivorous animals are killed for meat and the grasslands are been used as homes for new population.

With the rapid growth of population the stage is reached that nearly within 10 years all the lions will disappear from Kenya.

Kenya's forest department has no strict action to control this. The biggest threat to lions is outside the protected areas. "This is because of increasing cases of poisoning by communities due to livestock loss through carnivore depredation. Typically, the communities use the insecticide Furadan by applying it on livestock carcasses."

Across the continent, the future looks bleak for lions. "Only drastic action on many fronts – policy change, effective law enforcement, giving rural people an economic stake in their natural heritage, and a great deal of investment – will prevent the loss of wildlife in Africa.

Thirstiness could again grab India...

India, a land of famine until half a century ago, could soon go hungry again for want of water to grow crops.

"Some areas of India are going to run out of water, with very severe economic and social consequences," says the chief author of a UN-backed study of water supplies for Asian agriculture, published this week.

Indian farmers now pump 60 per cent of their water from underground reserves beneath their land because irrigation canals are emptying the country's rivers, says Colin Chartres, head of the International Water Management Institute, a non-profit research centre based in Colombo, Sri Lanka.

But water tables are falling fast. "The situation is especially bad in southern India. They will run out of water first, because the hard rocks [there] have much less capacity to store the monsoon rains," says Chartres.

Half of all the water pumped from underground worldwide is in south Asia, he says. To keep bellies full, India will have to double the amount of food it produces for a given amount of water.

Wednesday, August 19, 2009

Sea water can be used as jet fuel

Faced with global warming and potential oil shortages, the US navy is experimenting with making jet fuel from seawater.

Navy chemists have processed seawater into unsaturated short-chain hydrocarbons that with further refining could be made into kerosene-based jet fuel. But they will have to find a clean energy source to power the reactions if the end product is to be carbon neutral.

The process involves extracting carbon dioxide dissolved in the water and combining it with hydrogen – obtained by splitting water molecules using electricity – to make a hydrocarbon fuel.

Music - ' Everyone likes '

Thinking about music gives as a pleasure. But what strategy really is is again a big question. So, let's begin with what music really is.

It is a proved sentence that "Music connects us to our soul". Now music can be of different type according to hearer's choice but remember that all the various forms of music have evolved from a singe word called 'Sur'. So, sur is an important part of a vast world of music.

Basically each and every form of music has been evolved from classical music according to whatever we want changes to suite our ears.

But remember if you really want to get more benefit out of music you need to switch your mind towards "Indian Classical Music" as it involves both meditation and recreational exercise for proper functioning of your body and soul.

Now let's enjoy music with a different theme.

Tuesday, August 18, 2009

Cockroaches future is safe against climate change

Recent, research proved that cockroaches can hold there breath for about 40 minutes.
While resting they stop breathing and save the loss of water. Though they are the creatures of wet and moist land but they are adapted to live in dry places also.

They are blessed with such a strong system through which they can change their breathing pattern to control level of oxygen, carbon-dioxide and moisture. They close the spiracles through which they breathe primarily to save water. In dry environments these insects took shorter breaths than in moist conditions.

"Cockroaches lose water across their respiratory surfaces when they breathe," so taking shorter breaths in dry conditions reduces the amount of water they will lose.

The same thing doesn't necessarily apply to other insects. The butterfly pupae hold their breath to prevent oxygen damage, rather than to conserve water.

"So, finally cockroaches will do well for surviving against climate change.

A night time photo

This night time photo is taken from satellite. It shows about developed and developing countries.

Black hole parasites explain cosmic flashes

SOME of the brightest flashes in the universe may be the result of black holes burrowing into stars and devouring them from inside.

The flashes are known as gamma-ray bursts because most of their energy is in the form of high-energy radiation, including gamma rays and X-rays. The longer flashes, lasting at least a few seconds, have long been thought to signal the deaths of massive stars that have run out of fuel, causing them to collapse to form black holes, unleashing powerful jets of radiation in the process.

Now an alternative explanation has been given new lease of life: a black hole may instead be an external attacker that dives into the belly of a massive star and consumes it.

Glycine - Amino acid found on a comet

An amino acid has been found on a comet for the first time, a new analysis of samples from NASA's Stardust mission reveals. The discovery confirms that some of the building blocks of life were delivered to the early Earth from space.

Methane bubbles up by Arctic water warming

At the deep Arctic ocean the water is warming due to climate change. This causes mega tonnes of methane to bubble out beneath the sea floor.The methane is probably coming from reserves of methane hydrate beneath the sea bed. These hydrates, also known as clathrates, are water ice with methane molecules embedded in them.

The methane plumes were discovered by an expedition aboard the research ship James Clark Ross, led by Tim Minshull of the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, in the UK.

The region where the team found the plumes is being warmed by the West Spitsbergen current, which has warmed by 1 °C over the past 30 years.

With the rise bigger bubbles can escape out to atmosphere and the smaller ones can get dissolve with the ocean water and can increase the acidic nature of water which could harm life adversely.

The methane being released from hydrate in the 600-square-kilometre area studied probably adds up to 27 kilotonnes a year, which suggests that the entire hydrate deposit around Svalbard could be releasing 20 megatonnes a year.

If methane began escaping at similar rates throughout the Arctic, it would dramatically increase methane levels in the atmosphere.

Globally, it's thought that around 500 to 600 megatonnes of methane are released into the atmosphere each year.

Methane hydrate could be used as a new, somewhat greener fossil fuel, but extracting the methane without releasing any into the atmosphere remains a challenge.

4G Latest technology

What is 4G? “The user has freedom and flexibility to select any desired service with reasonable QoS and affordable price, anytime, anywhere” • Beyond 2.5G and 3G Wireless Networks • High-speed data rates at 20 to 100 Mbps • Suitable for high-resolution movies and television • Initial deployments are anticipated in 2006-2010 Applications of 4G •Visualized virtual navigation Telegeoprocessing: GIS, GPS •Life- saving: Telemedicine •Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) for IPv6 A Fourth Generation Mobile System • A 4G Architecture is based on Mobile IPv6 & Supports ABC Services • Architecture is based on some Assumption

Monday, August 17, 2009

Proof of Life at Titan

In a recent invention it has been found that there is some electrical activity at TITAN, the largest moon of Saturn. After that research, it is a hot matter of discussion in scientific community, whether there is life on Saturn or not.

Now it is possible to generate electrical energy while soldiers march

A new research in Leeds says that it can be possible now to capture Kinetic Energy that soldiers produce while marching and it can be converted to electrical energy.

This will help soldiers to reduce the weight of their bags up to 10 Kg. as they don't require to carry batteries anymore to charge their electronic equipments.

The cost of this project is around $1.64 million which will be funded by Engineering and Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC) and Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL).

Water found on mars

Phoenix Mars Lander of NASA has recently detected snow fall from Martian Clouds. Soil experiment by this spacecraft has detected interaction between minerals on Mars Surface and liquid water. This new discovery has again raised questions on the presence of water on Mars.

Black Hole mystery solved

Black holes are an object of research and mystery for the whole scientific community from decades. Many researchers are working day and night to explore the mysteries of black holes. In this series, a recent invention by Yale University Astrophysicist revels the fact that, There is a upper limit of the mass of any black hole. This research has been also published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.


As most of you are aware BLACK HOLE is a region of space in which the gravitational field is so powerful that nothing, not even electromagnetic radiation can escape from it. Dur to this black holes can not be seen (as they absorbs light radiations) but can only be experienced by their ultra strong gravitational pull. That's why they are named as BLACK HOLE.. They continue to grow in size by absorbing any matter that comes in range of their gravitational field.


Till now it was not sure that what can be maximum size of a black hole. These black holes are now known to exist throughout the Universe and the largest and most massive are at the centers of the largest galaxies. These "ultra-massive" black holes have reported to have mass about One Billion Times that of our own Sun.


According to the new research by Priyamvada Natarajan, an Associate Professor of Astronomy and Physics at Yale University and a fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, it has been proved, that even the biggest of these Black Holes can't keep growing forever. Instead, they appear to curb their own growth - once they accumulate about 10 billion times the mass of the Sun.


Normally Black Holes continue to accumulate mass by absorbing matter from neighboring gas, dust and stars. But according to new research by Priyamvada Natarajan, that it is possible only to a certain limit, irrespective of the position of black hole. The reason behind this is that, "Eventually these Black Holes reach the point when they radiate so much energy as they consume their surroundings that they end up interfering with the very gas supply that feeds them, which may interrupt nearby star formation."


Natarajan used existing Optical and X-ray Data of these Ultra-Massive Black Holes to show that, in order for those various observations to be consistent, the black holes must essentially stop at some point in their evolution. This helped her to prove this fact that these black holes can not grow indefinitely in mass and there is some upper mass limit of black holes.

Samsung S9110 Watch phone – A New Wave in Mobile Industry


The considerable features of Samsung S9110 wrist phone are 1.76 inch glass, scratch proof touchscreen, stainless steel body with many other facilities such as Bluetooth 2.1, Outlook Email sync, MP3 Player, 2.1 speakerphone and voice recognition system. Some other features are 176 x 220 pixel, 262k color TFT TSP display, 40 MB memory, Li-Ion 630 mAh battery and 57.5 x 41.1 x 11.98mm / 91g footprint.

New species of East Himalayas

Glaciers at Antarctica Melting at Shocking Rates

Scientist has reported that glaciers at Antarctica a melting at an alarming rates. It has been observed that “Pine Island”, a gigantic glacier in West Antarctica is melting at four times higher rate that it was 10 years ago. This glacier is around twice the size of Scotland.

According to a recent research, published in “Geophysical Research Letters” journal, it has been estimated that at this rate the main section of glaciers will disappear in 100 years. This is six time sooner than it was estimated previously.

This research was led by Professor Duncan Wingham at University College London, and was funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council.